The extended constraint equations arise as a special case of the conformal constraint equations that are satisfied by an initial data hypersurface Z in an asymptotically simple space-time satisfying the vacuum conformal Einstein equations developed by H. Friedrich. The extended constraint equations consist of a quasi-linear system of partial differential equations for the induced metric, the second fundamental form and two other tensorial quantities defined on Z, and are equivalent to the usual constraint equations that Z satisfies as a space-like hypersurface in a space-time satisfying Einstein’s vacuum equation. This article develops a method for finding perturbative, asymptotically flat solutions of the extended constraint equations in a neighbourhood of the flat solution on Euclidean space. This method is fundamentally different from the ‘classical’ method of Lichnerowicz and York that is used to solve the usual constraint equations.