Synthetic biology is an engineering discipline that builds on our mechanistic understanding of molecular biology to program microbes to carry out new functions. Such predictable manipulation of a cell requires modeling and experimental techniques to work together. The modeling component of synthetic biology allows one to design biological circuits and analyze its expected behavior. The experimental component merges models with real systems by providing quantitative data and sets of available biological ‘parts’ that can be used to construct circuits. Sufficient progress
has been made in the combined use of modeling and experimental methods, which reinforces the idea of being able to use engineered microbes as a technological platform.